Traditional acupuncture is based on the Chinese belief that the human body is controlled by a life force known as Qi that circulates the body along channels called meridians. In order to remain healthy, traditional theory dictates that qi must flow correctly along these meridians. Acupuncture theory suggests that the flow of Qi can be affected and restored to balance by stimulation of acupuncture points along these channels. Stimulation is usually in the form of insertion of very fine needles into these points.
Acupuncture is considered an alternative medicine in the western world and commonly used to treat painful complaints of the muscle and joints including back and headaches.